Originally, there were hundreds of Aboriginal communities in Australia. For the tribes concerned, the name “Didgeridoo” was born during colonialism.
The genesis of this instrument makes that the tribes, in their properly Aboriginal dialects, gave them different names, such as “YIDAKI“, “MOLOO“, “IHAMBILBIG” etc., and which define the name or the word “Didgeridoo” given by the colonists during their invasions.
Besides, Westerners write it in different ways like : Didgeridoo or Didjeridoo.
In the year 1522, the Portuguese explorer CRISTOVAO DE MENDONCA is the first European to set foot on the lands of Australia, called ” Terra Australis “. Followed by Lieutenant JAMES COOK of the Royal Navy in 1770. He observed for weeks the first peoples of this distant continent and declared :
” The native peoples of this earth use an instrument
of strange and audible communication ! “
In 1842, the Prussian explorer LUDWIG LEICHHARDT arrives in the city of Sydney to lead 3 important expeditions which will make it possible to map from the Western Australia to the EAST… while crossing the Aboriginal tribes. His disappearance inland from Australia, despite several subsequent investigations, remains a mystery. Rumors say he was killed by a tribe for passing over sacred land.
The didgeridoo is an instrument used in rituals called ” Corroborees “, which are sacred moments when the Aboriginal tribes sing and dance paying homage by thanking our planet. Several dances such as ” kangaroo dance “, “eagle dance“, “hunter dance” etc. there are mentioned for example.
The player vibrates his lips to obtain the basic fundamental vibration (also called “drone or drone”). Then he will add additional sounds with his tongue, throat, voice and diaphragm, thus imitating the nature which surrounds him embellished with traditional rhythms.
Circular breathing to play “continuously” is a fundamental technique that the player will use. That is to say that he plays the didgeridoo without the sound stopping, which brings an “intoxicating” effect when you listen to it carefully.
The longer a didgeridoo, the more serious it will be. The didgeridoo sound corresponds to a note (C, D, E etc.).
Didgeridoo is also used to treat certain illnesses or stresses, such as sleep apnea. Many Didgeridoo players and students have quit smoking… thanks to this ancient instrument !